- Africa / Central Europe
- National System of the Education and MET
Batumi is a kind of Georgia’s “sea door” due to its Sea Port, Railway junction and other unique fields of industry. Batumi is the administrative centre of Adjara Autonomous Republic. It is located on the Black Sea Coast. The city stretches on 7 km distance from the north-east to the south-west.
The first information about Batumi is found in works of Greek philosopher Aristotle and later in works of Roman writer Plinius senior and Greek geographer Phlavius Arienese in 4thcentury A.D.It was mentioned as city of Batusus, this is Greek word meaning “deep”. The quay of Batumi port is the deepest and the most convenient after Sevastopol Sea port on the Black Sea.
- Information on the national higher education system.
A higher education establishment is the important factor of growth and competitiveness of the country and plays a key role in reforms of EU member and partner states. Higher education upgrade was recognized as the basic condition for success of Lisbon strategy which the European Union began in March, 2000 and which aspiring the modernization of economic and social systems within EU. Upgrade of higher education of EU is clearly stated in communications of the European Commission "Mobilization of intellectual elite of Europe: granting of possibility of universities to make their full contribution to Lisbon Strategy" and "Upgrade of universities: Education, research and an innovation".
- Access and admission to higher education
- Access to first cycle (Bachelor degree) and short cycle programmes requires general education(12 years) diploma. Admission to bachelor programmes requires passing the unified national exams. Access to Diploma specialist programmes requires only general ability test.
- Access tosecond cycle (master) programme formaly requires bachelordegree. Admissionto master programme requires passing unified masters exam. Additional admission requirements canbe definedby Higher education institutions.
- Access to third cycle (doctorate)programme formaly requires master or equivalent degree.Admission requirements are defined by Universities
- Types of Higher Education Institutions
Threecycle higher education system was introduced in 2005.Since 2009-2010 academic year all HE institutions provide only three cycle system programmes (except medicine, dentistry and veterinary). There are following cycles: bachelor, master and doctorate. All cycles are linked toEuropean credit transfer system (ECTS).
- First cycle Degree: Bachelor (BA, BSc, BBA; BEng; BFA; B.Musetc.) – 240 ECTS
In 2007 short cycle(diploma specialist) within first cycle was introdused. Short cycle (Diploma specialist) programmes consist of 120-180 ECTS credits and are designed to prepare students for labour market entry. In order to continue and complete first cycle programme diploma specialist should pass unified national exams. ECTS credits earned for short cycle may be recognized by HE institution for bachelor programme.
- Second cycle degree:Master (MA; MSc; MBA; MEng; MFA; M.Mus etc)– 120 ECTS.
- Third cycle degree: Doctorate (PhD) - 180 ECTS.
- Degrees in medicine(MD – 360 ECTS), dentistry (DMD- 300 ECTS) and veterinary (DVM-300 ECTS) comprise an integrated programme of study and final outcomes of the qualifications meet the requirements of the second cycle learning outcomes.
- Quality assurance: Quality of education is assured by internal and external quality assurance mechanisms. External quality assurance is implemented by national education accreditation centre.
- Grading: The grading system used in all higher education institutions as from 2007is the 100-point grading scale.
Maritime education has a century history in Georgia. The first maritime courses were founded in Poti in 1901. The Military Maritime College was functioning in Batumi since 1921, and Maritime Industrial Technical Secondary School was functioning since 1929.
In 1944 Batumi Maritime Technical Secondary School was reorganized into Batumi Maritime College. During its 50-years history Batumi Maritime College played an important role in development of Maritime Business in Georgia. About 5 thousand highly qualified specialists were educated at Batumi Maritime College.
In 1990 on basis of Batumi Maritime College the Training-Consultation Centre was opened. It received the status of Consultation Point of Novorossiysk Higher Maritime College which since 1992 was functioning as Batumi Higher Maritime College.
In 1994 on basis of decision taken by the Government of Georgia this college received current status – status of Batumi State Maritime Academy.
In 2006 when the process of education reforms started in Georgia, on basis of decision taken by government of Georgia Batumi State Maritime Academy received today’s status– Legal Entity of Public Law – Teaching UniversityBatumi State Maritime Academy (BSMA).
There are three MET institutions (all institution located in Batumi) in Georgia:
- Legal Entity of Public Law – TeachingUniversityBatumiStateMaritime Academy.
- Maritime Training Centre – ANRI Maritime College (LTD).
- BatumiNavigation Teaching University(LTD).
BSMA and other MET institutions activities are regulated by National Legislature as well as by International Norms and Standards. Requirements of International Maritime Organization regarding qualification of maritime staff are given in the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW 78/95). Maritime education in Georgia is regulated by three laws (see fig.1):
- Law of Seafarer’s Training and Certification of Georgia (2000);
- Law of Higher Education of Georgia (2005);
- Law of Vocational Education of Georgia (2007).
The control of IMO requirements realization in the sphere of Maritime Education in Georgia is under the control of the Maritime Transport Department and National Legislative issues are in the competence of Georgian Education and Science Ministry.
- Academic MET
LPPL Batumi State Maritime Academy
About Maritime Faculty
Maritime faculty exists since 2005 in Batumi State Maritime Academy. It was created by consolidate two faculties Marine Engineering and Marine Navigation. There are preparing cadres for crew of merchant ships to take manage positions according level of responsibility of exploitation and management.
Education programs are implemented by two certified programs and three Bachelor programs. Main goal of educational programs is to prepare specialist - bachelors of marine science and certified specialists for maritime science sphere.
To take high position according level of responsibility of exploitation and management
on ocean merchant ships. (According law “standards of training, certification and watch keeping for seafarers”);
To take management positions connecting with function, regulation and control of
maritime transport in private or government institutions;
For continue study in Master;
- Non-academic MET
- Differences in Natinal MET
- Statistics of National MET