- Africa / Central Europe
- National System of the Education and MET
Ukraine is the maritime country situated on the coasts of the Black Sea and Azov Sea. The country has a wide spread marine infrastructure which comprises 19 seaports, 11 shipyards (ship-repairing and shipbuilding plants).
Four of nine international transport corridors established by Creat's Conference under the auspices of the European Union pass through the territory of Ukraine.
In compliance with the legislation of Ukraine the functions of Maritime Administration are fulfilled by the Ministry of Transport and Communications of Ukraine. The Ministry is situated in the capital of Ukraine - Kyiv.
Maritime Administration of Ukraine takes all measures for ensuring navigational safety, saving human life at sea and environment protection. Special attention is constantly paid to the main part of safety at sea - the role of human factor. That's why the principal accent is placed on the development and advancement of the national system of education, training, competency assessment and certification of seafarers. The functioning of this system is under constant control of the Administration in accordance with the requirements of STCW Convention Regulation I/8.
The following MET system is established in Ukraine.
There are four educational - qualification levels. First level - Junior Specialist, 2nd level - Bachelor of Science, 3rd level - Specialist and 4th level is Master of Science.
Junior Specialist term of studies - 2 or 4 years depends of the level of the secondary education. Bachelor of Sciences, term of studies - 4 years, including on board training according to STCW for obtaining a Certificate of Competence for holding a position of an officer on the operational level. Specialist or Master of Science term of studies - 1,5 years, including on board training that provides mastering the knowledge required for performing the management level functions and innovative type tasks solving.
For the Bachelor's of Sciences degree, competence demonstration is performed with the help of a module control, thesis and project defense, defense of approved seagoing service and training on ship reports with the use of a Training Record Book and a state attestation. The State attestation is carried out as an exam that consists of two parts - practical and theoretical. The practical part is carried out with the use of simulators. For instance, competence examination for navigators "Use of Radar and ARPA to maintain safety of navigation", "Maintain a safe navigational watch" is carried out on a simulator before taking a theoretical part. The State Examination Board is given a document about an academic curriculum accomplishment, a Training Record Book, mandatory and optional certificates (look at the table).
Table 1.Mandatory and Non-mandatory certificates for issuing Certificates of Competence of Officer in charge of a navigational watch
Mandatory certificates Non-mandatory certificates
- Personal sea survival (A-VI/1);
- Proficiency in survival craft and rescue boats other than fast rescue boats (A-VI/2);
- Advanced Fire fighting (A-VI/3);
- Medical first aid on board ship (A-VI/4-1);
- Radar Navigation - operational level (A-II/1);
- GMDSS radio operator (A-IV/2)
- Oil tankers (A-V/1-8);
- Chemical tankers (A-V/1-15);
- Liquefied gas tankers (A-V/1-22);
- Ro-Ro passenger ships (A-V/2);
- Passenger ships other than Ro-Ro (A-V/3)
- Carriage of dangerous and hazardous substances (B-V/b, B-V/c);
Theoretical exam covers all the aspects of professional activities with a demonstration of theoretical knowledge bases in corresponding STCW Code functions on the operational level.
Master's of Sciences (Specialist's, Certified Engineer) training program provides obtaining knowledge and skills in STCW competences on the management level in corresponding functions. Competence demonstration is carried out with the help of a module control, thesis and project defense, defense of seagoing service report and a state attestation. For Master's of Sciences (Specialist's, Certified Engineer) degree the state attestation is in a form of defense of the thesis containing not only routine calculations but also an independent research of a problem given by the chair. In future, on the condition of having a required record of service, Master's of Sciences (Specialist's, Certified Engineer's) degree diploma gives an opportunity to obtain corresponding Certificates of competence up to the Captain and Chief Engineer without additional education and training. If it is required, the State Qualification Board can recommend having short-term upgrading courses to a candidate for obtaining a corresponding certificate.
Educational establishments engaged in maritime training go through accreditation procedure of MES of Ukraine.
Table 2. List of educational establishments of the 3rd-4th levels of accreditation in 6.070104 "Sea- and river-going transport" direction of training
## Institution 1. Kerch State Maritime Technological University 2. Kherson State Maritime Institute 3. Kyiv State Maritime Academy 4. Odesa National Maritime Academy 5. Odesa State Maritime University 6. Sevastopol State Technical University 7.
Ukrainian Maritime Institute (Sevastopol)
- Academic MET
1. Kyiv State Maritime Academy
Faculty of Navigation
Faculty of Navigation is a leading faculty of the Kyiv State Maritime Academy named after hetman Petro Konashevich-Sahaydachniy. The Faculty provides training of specialists for sea and river fleet on direction "Maritime and River Transport" awarding the qualification degree of "Bachelor" and on specialties "Navigation" and "Ship Power Plants Operation" awarding the qualification degree of "Master".
The Faculty has five departments two of which are supervising diploma research papers of the graduates. Among them there are the Department of Navigation and Ship Control and the Department of Marine Power Plants, Auxiliary Machinery of Ships and Their Operation. Besides, the structure of the faculty includes the Department of Technical Systems and Processes in Navigation, the Department of English for Professional Purposes and the Department of Natural and Technical Sciences."
Practical training of the students is carried out using modern equipment, including full-scale navigation simulators. Shipboard training takes place on boards the Academy vessels "Horizon" and "St. Olga" under the guidance of experienced instructors and also on merchant ships of native and foreign ship owners.
After receiving a Bachelor's degree the graduates obtain all necessary certificates for the work as Officer on Watch (OOW) or watch-keeping engineer on marine ships. Further training at the Academy and receiving a Master's degree allows professionals to be promoted to the rank of Captain or Chief Engineer.
The Faculty graduates are in demand not only in Ukraine but also on the international labor market. The graduates work on ships under flags of Ukraine, the Russian Federation, Germany, Greece, the USA, Canada, Holland and many other naval powers.
Faculty of Economics and Transport
Faculty of Economics and Transport has over 40 years’ experience of training water transport economists.
Today the Faculty offers the following Bachelor Degree Programmes: Management, Economics of Enterprises, Accounting and Audit, Transport Technologies and Software Engineering. Master Degree Programmes include Management of Enterprises and Administration (specialization Transport Management and Travel Industry Management), Accounting and Audit as well as System Software Engineering.
The Faculty includes 7 departments:
Economics and Management Department;
Accounting and Audit Department;
Transportation and Marketing Department;
Information Technologies Department;
Economic Theory Department;
Physical Training Department.
Three departments, namely Economics and Management Department, Accounting and Audit Department as well as Information Technologies Department, are degree-granting departments.
Specialists are trained by highly qualified academic staff, which includes PH.D and professors, Philosophy Doctors and Associate Professors.
The Faculty is proud of its alumni, who work in state administrative bodies, at enterprises of different ownership as managers, financial officers, accountants, researchers and lecturers.
Faculty of Law
Faculty of Law is a structural subdivision of Kyiv State Academy of Water Transport named after Hetman Petro Konashevych-Sahaydachny. It has been preparing legal specialists in the field of Jurisprudence since 1998 (specialization Civil Law and Transport Law). The Faculty offers Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree Programmess.
The main goal of the Faculty of Law is training of next generation of layers, who are capable of implementing their knowledge in all spheres of legal science and practice on a high professional level, particularly, in transport sphere and able to influence on rule-of-law state, formation of civil society and development of market economy.
The Faculty includes 7 departments:
Transport Law Department;
Theory and History of State and Law Department;
Civil Law Department;
Criminal Law Department;
Ukrainian and Foreign Languages Department;
Social Disciplines Department.
Academic process is guided by highly experienced academic staff, where there are honored jurists of Ukraine, academicians, Associate Members of the Academy of Sciences, Doctors of Philosophy, Professors and Associate Professors, employees of public prosecutor's office, courts, justice bodies and other bodies of executive power.
Students of the Faculty of Law get practical training in the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Infrastructure, ship-owning companies, governmental and private enterprises, in judicial bodies and prosecution agencies.
There is a “Legal Clinics” at the Faculty that was established to attract students to practical work. “Legal Clinics” is a legal consultation office, which serves as a basis for consolidation of theoretical knowledge.
The Faculty has Students' Scientific Groups dedicated to such issues like transport, criminal and civil law, as well as theory of state and law. The Faculty holds methodological inter-academic and international workshops annually.
2. Odessa National Maritime Academy
Sea Navigation Faculty
Specialization: "Deep-Sea Navigation", "Cargo transportation, Chartering and Agency Service"
The profession of a navigator is extremely crucial on board a ship; it requires comprehensive education. Navigators' service has always been a synthesis of knowledge of numerous fundamental sciences and modern technologies.
Training course of future navigators includes English Language, Navigation, Pilotage, Nautical Astronomy, Ship Construction, Maritime International Law, Ship Control, Economics, Management of Fleet and Technology Cargo Carriage, Commercial Operation of a Vessel and some other disciplines, which form knowledge and skills, necessary for a future leader.
The currulum makes a provision of shipboard training onboard sea going ships, which is 12 months long. After four years of studies a cadet is granted a bachelor's degree (diploma), an international certificate of competency and all necessary certificates, required for performing the duties of officer in charge of a navigational watch.
Graduates having bachelor's degree may go on with their studies up to the level of a specialist or a master. The term of studies is 1.5 years. The certificate of specialist or master allows professional growth up to the rank of deep sea captain.
The graduates of the faculty successfully work both on board sea-going ships and in many branches of the industry, as well as at many management positions.
Maritime and Inland Waterway Navigation Faculty
Specialization: "Navigation on Sea and Inner Water Ways", "Sea-going Hydrographic Ships' Navigation", "Technical Service Ships' Navigation and Dredging Operations"
The faculty was established in 1993 on the basis of Deep-Sea Navigation Faculty. Since 1975 a trend towards fleet specialization has become wider. The development of European inland waterways as well as improvement of cargo transportation have caused a desperate need in navigators who specialize in "Navigation on Sea and Inland Water Ways".
After the USSR disintegration, Russia has been training hydrographers for marine industry. Therefore a separate department of hydrography and sea geodesy has been formed.
Since 1999 navigators-dredger operators have also been trained. The candidates who have completed Technical fleet college are being accepted to continue their education. During their studies cadets have practical training on modern navigational simulators in Hitech Meteorology, Navigation and Sailing Directions, Hydrography and Sea Geology Laboratories.
The faculty includes the following departments: Navigation on Sea and Inner Water ways, Hydrography and Sea Geodesy, Theory and Ship's Construction, English Language in Hydrography and Sea Radiocommunication, Safety and Security at Sea.
The graduates can occupy the position of navigators on seagoing ships without any limitations as well as in accordance with the obtained specialization: on river vessels of mixed sailing type "river-sea", technical service vessels, hydrographic and research ships.
They can also work at the enterprises of the appropriate field.
The Engineering Faculty
Direction of training: 1003 "Navigation and Ships' Power Plants"
Speciality: 8.100302 "Ships' power plants operation"
Specialization: "Ships' power plants operation" "Ships' power and refrigerating plants operation"
The Engineering faculty has been functioning since the Academy was founded. Nowadays this faculty is a powerful educational, scientific complex, capable to train highly-qualified ship's engineers. The level of these engineers corresponds to international requirements. It is provided by highly-qualified teaching staff. There are 28 laboratories up-to-date-equipped with facilities and simulators at this faculty.
The faculty trains: bachelors of ships' power engineering, the term of training - 4 years; specialists in control of ships' power plants, the term of training - 1,5 years; masters of ships' power plants, the term of training - 1,5 years.
The Engineering faculty includes the following departments: Fleet Operation and Maintenance; Ship's Power Plants; Ship's Refrigerating and Auxiliary Plants and Systems and their Operation; Ship's Heat-power Engineering; Safety of Life at Sea; Theoretical Mechanics; Technology of Materials and Ship's Repair; English Language in Ships` Engineering Department.
Highly qualified teachers, engineers, instructors, the majority of which have practical maritime experience work at chairs, laboratories, training centers. More than 60% of teachers have academic degrees of candidates and doctors of science and academic statuses assistant professors and professors.
Teachers and post-graduates of the faculty conduct research work connected with the promotion of efficiency of ships' power plants control, the results of which are published in collected articles "Ships' Power Plants", accredited by Higher Accreditation Committee. 3-4 Ph. D. theses are defended at the faculty annually. Graduates of this faculty can work as ship's universal engineers of all levels and on all types of vessels. They can operate and maintain power plants of different capacity. They can work at shipyards on offshore rigs; at shipping companies; at developer and scientific organizations; at the appropriate higher educational institutions.
Since 2005 training of ship's engineers and mechanics has been conducted in compliance with Bologna Declaration and credit-modular system of educational process' organization, which helps to upgrade the quality of training, to enter the European space of higher education and world labor market.
Speciality: "Automated Control of Technological Processes"
Specialization: "Automated Control of Ships' Power Plants"
Automation Faculty started its activity in 1965. Its formation was caused by reinforcement of the fleet with highly automated vessels. For marine engineers of universal education the knowledge of automation units and technological processes was of great value. Over recent years in connection with the rapid development of computer-integrated technologies, with the requirements of safe navigation and environmental protection the curricula have been developed and modern full-scale simulators of automated ships' power plants have been installed at the Faculty, which enables it to proceed to new forms of specialists' training.
At the faculty there is a marine simulation centre of ships' power plants, which provides refresher courses for marine engineers and electrical engineers for work on automated ships according to three programmes: ships' power plants control; ships' power plants operation; ships' engine room crew management. There is a center of special technologies on ships maintenance organization. The training direction is "Automation and Computer Integrated Technologies".
The Faculty includes the following departments: Automation of Ships' Diesel and Gas Turbine Plants, Automation of Ships' Steam Power Plants, Theory of Automatic Control and Computing.
Graduates have the right to occupy managing positions of marine engineers of all levels on the world merchant fleet vessels mostly with high level of automation, to work at ship repair yards, at shipping companies' divisions, at designing and scientific organizations, at higher educational institutions.
Electrical Engineering and Radio Electronics Faculty
Speciality: "Electric Systems and Complexes of Transport Means"
Specialization: "Operation and Maintenance of Ship's Automated Systems";
Speciality: "Radioelectronic Appliances, Systems and Complexes"
The Faculty was formed in 2003 on the basis of Electrical Engineering Faculty (founded in 1944) and the Faculty of Radioelectronics (founded in 1991).
This integration helped to concentrate powerful scientific, educational and technical resources within one structural unity, to increase the efficiency of cadets' training in the field of ships' electrical equipment, electronic devices and control systems, maritime radiocommunicational and navigational systems.
Training standards of specialists in "Electrical Systems and Complexes of Transport Means" take into account the growth of ships' power equipment, increase of the number of electrically-propelled ships, modern evolution level of electric automatics and computerized control technologies. Graduates of this speciality are wide profile ships specialists. They are able to operate effectively not only electrical equipment and automatic systems, but also a ship power plant.
The graduates get the "III class electrician" certificate and international certificate of officer in charge of an engineering watch according to the STCW Code Requirements.
Training standards of specialists in "Radioelectronic Devices, Systems and Complexes" meet the requirements of modern progress in radioelectronics, terrestrial and satellite communication and navigation systems, computer techniques. Cadets obtain thorough knowledge in modern digital communication technology, wireless land area networks (WLAN) and mobile communication.
The graduates get international Radioelectronic's certificate according to the STCW Code Requirements. The Faculty possesses modern simulator facilities, on which the cadets undergo their training.
The departments incorporated into the Faculty are the following: Higher Mathematics; Principles of Ship Electric Power Engineering; Ships' Electrical Machines and Automatically Controlled Drives; Ships' Electrical Equipment and Automation; Maritime Radio Communication; Fundamentals of Radio Engineering. The graduates majoring in their specific fields are employed on vessels as marine engineers, electrical engineers and radio engineers.
They also work at ship-repairing yards and for shipping companies, in on-shore radio centers, ports, scientific research institutes, telecommunication companies, designing organizations, higher educational establishments.
Maritime Law Faculty
Specialization: "Maritime Law" Speciality: "Management of Organization"; Specialization: "Management of Organizations of Sea Transportation"
According to the licenses and the certificate of accreditation Specialities: Jurisprudence, Management, Specialization: Maritime Law, Management of Sea Transportation Organizations of The Ministry of Education and Science the maritime law faculty is preparing maritime lawyers and managers of organizations of maritime transportation. The first admission in the speciality "Jurisprudence" and specialization "Maritime Law" took place in 1995. "Management of Organizations of Sea Transportation" accepted the first students in 2004.
The faculty consists of 8 departments: Administrative and Criminal Law, Civil and Labor Law, Management and Economy on the Maritime Transport, Economic Theory and Business Undertakings on a Marine transport, Maritime Law, Ukrainian Culture and Language, Physical Education and Philosophy. The high level of professional training of cadets is carried out by the teachers of the highest qualification - professors and docents. 8 professors and doctors of science, 33 docents and candidates of science work at the department.
Teaching staff takes part in developing the maritime legislation and economic programs of improving the development in Ukraine. They also represent Academy in the work of the International Assembly of maritime organization and its committees, and also in the international economic forums.
The faculty supports the partnership relations with the corresponding departments of maritime, law and economic universities of Belgium, Bulgaria, Portugal, Russia, Ukraine etc. The training of specialists is carried out according to the curriculums and the programs of disciplines, based on the demands of the International Conventions.
Practical training is an essential part of educational process: general sea training at the educational sailing center of the Academy, natatory practical training aboard a training vessel of the Academy, field experience in shore structures, connected with the navy activities, in public administration organs, in law machinery.
The graduates of the faculty possess deep knowledge, which is necessary for successful work in all structures of maritime complex. The deep studying of foreign languages with mastering maritime, law and economic terms helps in job placement in shipping companies, ports, maritime agencies, public administration organs, law machinery, commercial and other structures. The graduates of the faculty are a deposit of success and prosperity for any company.
Azov Maritime Institute of ONMA and Izmail Faculty
The admission to the Day Department began in 1998 on the basis of the Mariupol Correspondence Department, which in 2001 was transformed into Azov Marine Institute.
Training of specialists is carried out in full-time and correspondence form of education in the following special fields: "Navigation", "Ship Power Plant Operation", "Management".
The Institute has the necessary laboratory and training base, a training ship - sea tug "Engineer Ponomarenko", electrical and radio navigation chamber. There is a museum of the Azov Fleet.
In 2002 the first graduation of full-time Bachelors - navigators and marine engineers - took place.
Military Training Department
The Department undertakes training of Reserve officers for the Naval Forces of Ukraine in 10 military specialties. The Department is supplied with modern material and technical basis.
Training is carried out by the officers who have an extensive seagoing experience in the Navy and educational experience at the Academy.
Faculty of Ship Engineering
Expertise: Ship Manufacturing and Ocean Technologies
Speciallity: Running the Power Units of the Ships
Graduates will have the opportunity to work in many different positions, such as, usage of the ship’s mechanic and power units, organization and administration departments, freighting firms, technical maintenance of fleets and maintenance of the ship equipment.
Faculty of Transportation Technologies and Systems
Expertise: Transportation Technologies
Speciality: Transportation Systems, Transportation Organization and Management
Graduates can work as loading / unloading personnel, controller or manufacturing technician or cargo manager. They can also be customs control expert or broker. Another opportunity is to be a part of scientific researches and be an academician on the field.
Faculty of Economics and Management
Expertise: Administration Economics
Speciality: Business Economics, Firm Management
Graduates can be a manager or a researcher in maritime firms, sea and river ports, dockyards, transportation firms, broker agencies and customs. Also, they can work in the maritime banks and other firms’ maritime departments.
Faculty of Water Transportation
Expertise: Water Transportation
Speciality: Water Transportation Techniques, Hydrotechnic Systems
Graduates’ work area is very wide, from building a port, to construct ship elevator systems, dockyards, port machinery, hydro technic systems’ production and control.
Faculty of Ship Construction
Expertise: Ship Construction and Ocean Engineering
Speciality: Ships and Ocean Engineering, Computer Systems
Graduates will be fullyequipped with the national and international laws, and can work in any transportation or law firm as a consultant.
Faculty of Maritime Law
Expertise: Maritime Law
Speciality: Law Tenet
Graduates will be fullyequipped with the national and international laws, and can work in any transportation or law firm as a consultant
Faculty of Port Mechanization
Expertise: Mechanic Engineering
Speciality: Machinery and Equipment Production and Maintenance
Graduates can be responsible from any mechanic equipment that is used in the dockyards and ports. They can also choose jobs like production and maintenance of loading ramps, running and improving the loading automation units.
- Non-academic MET
- Differences in Natinal MET
- Statistics of National MET